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Великие композиторы | Бортнянский Дмитрий Степанович

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Статистика

Яндекс.Метрика




Бортнянский Дмитрий Степанович


Биография великого композитора Бортнянский Дмитрий Степанович

портрет композитора Бортнянского

Бортнянский Дмитрий Степанович (1751-1825) русский композитор. По национальности украинец. Брал уроки композиции у Б. Галуппи. В 1760-х гг. как певец участвовал в оперных спектаклях и концертах. В 1769-1779 жил в Италии. С 1779 капельмейстер, с 1796 директор вокальной музыки и управляющий Придворной певческой капеллой в Петербурге (способствовал её расцвету).

Бортнянский работал во многих жанрах. Центральное место в творчестве занимала хоровая духовная музыка. Мастер хорового письма a cappella , Бортнянский наряду с М. С. Березовским создал новый тип руccкого хорового концерта, использовав достижения в области оперы и инструментальной музыки. Его концерты выходят за рамки церковной музыки. Во многих из них воплощена глубокая философская тема. Писал также светские хоры, в их числе - патриотическая песня «Певец во стане русских воинов» (слова В. А. Жуковского, 1812). В творческом наследии Бортнянского - несколько опер (на итальянские и французские либретто), в т. ч. «Сын-соперник, или Современная Стратоника» (на французский текст). Камерно-инструментальные произведения Бортнянского стали первыми русскими образцами крупной формы. Музыка Бортнянского, стилистически близкая раннеклассической европейской, содержит интонации русской и украинской бытовой песни.

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