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Великие композиторы | Вебер (Weber) Карл Мария фон

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Статистика

Яндекс.Метрика




Вебер (Weber) Карл Мария фон


Биография великого композитора Вебера

портрет композитора Вебера

Вебер (Weber) Карл Мария фон (1786-1826) - немецкий композитор, дирижёр, пианист, муз. писатель, критик. Отец В. - оперный капельмейстер и антрепренёр. В. обучался композиции у M.Гайдна, Г. И. Фоглера и др. До 1813 работал во многих немецких городах, выступал как пианист и дирижёр. Как рук. и дирижёр оперного т-ра в Праге (1813-1816) и Дрездене (1817-1826) В. пропагандировал австро-немецкое оперное искусство. Скончался в Лондоне, куда был приглашён для постановки оперы "Оберон".

Вебер - один из основоположников немецкого музыкального романтизма. На формирование личности и эстетических взглядов Вебер - муз.-обществ деятеля, публициста - оказал влияние подъём национального самосознания в Германии. В. - создатель немецкого романтич. оперного театра. Оперы В."Вольный стрелок", "Эврианта" и "Оберон" открыли различные пути, по которым развивалась романтич. опера 19 в. Из них наиболее популярной стал "Вольный стрелок", в котором В. развил традиции зингшпиля, преобразовал и обогатил этот жанр в духе романтич. эстетики. "Эврианта", воплощающая нац.-героич. идеи средствами жанра большой романтич. оперы, оказала сильное влияние на развитие немецкого музыкального театра, включая такие произведения, как "Тангейзер" и "Лоэнгрин". Пианист-виртуоз, В. в фортепьянных сочинениях утверждал блестящий концертный стиль. Автор муз.-критич. статей и рецензий, стихов, неоконч. романа "Жизнь музыканта" , которые представляют значит, исторический и художественный интерес.

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