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Великие композиторы | Гершвин (Gershwin) Джорж

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Статистика

Яндекс.Метрика




Гершвин (Gershwin) Джорж


Биография великого композитора Гершвина

портрет композитора Гершвина

Гершвин (Gershwin) Джордж (1898-1937) - американский композитор, пианист. Систематического образования не получил. Ученик Р. Гольдмарка (гармония) и др. В музыкальном стиле Гершвина органически сочетаются черты импровизации, джаза, элементы афро-американского фольклора, американской эстрадной музыки и различных форм европейской музыки, в том числе фортепьянного стиля Ф. Листа и С. В. Рахманинова (в «Рапсодии в блюзовых тонах»), французского импрессионизма, веризма, балладной оперы. В музыкально-сценических сочинениях (опереттах, ревю, мюзиклах) нередко обращался к злободневным общественно-политическим темам.

Вершина творчества - опера «Порги и Бесc», первая национальная опера, отмеченная глубоким проникновением в духовный мир и музыкальный фольклор негритянского народа. Драматургия оперы связана с реалистическими традициями американского театра 20-30-х гг. ; для неё характерно сочетание трагического и жанрово-комедийного начала ; важную роль в раскрытии образа играет диалог. В мелодике оперы ощутимы ладово-гармоническое и ритмическое своеобразие спиричуэлс, блюзов, регтаймов. «Порги и Бесе» получила признание в США и за рубежом, ныне ставится ведущими театрами мира.

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