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Великие композиторы | Дегтярёв Степан Аникиевич

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Статистика

Яндекс.Метрика




Дегтярёв Степан Аникиевич


Биография великого композитора Дегтярёва

портрет композитора Дегтярёва

Дегтярёв, Дехтерев, Дегтяревский Степан Аникиевич (1776 - 1813) - русский композитор и дирижёр. По происхождению крепостной крестьянин. С 7-летнего возраста пел в хоре графа Н. П. Шереметьева и учился в его певческой школе. Изучал теорию композиции под руководством А. Сапиенцы и Дж. Сарти. Посещал занятия по русской словесности и итальянскому языку в Московском университете. По некоторым сведениям около 1790 вместе с Сарти ездил в Италию. В юности выступал на сцене домашнего театра Шереметьевых в Кускове в качестве певца (тенор) и драматического актёра, затем был певчим капеллы, регентом, дирижёром оркестра. В 1803, получив вольную, поселился в Москве. Последние годы жизни служил у одного из помещиков в Курской губернии. Наиболее значительной сочинение Дегтярёва - оратория "Минин и Пожарский, или Освобождение Москвы" (1811 на текст Н. Д. Гончарова) - Приближается по форме к опере. Исполнение её под управлением автора в обстановке патриотического подъёма кануна Отечественной войны 1812 вызвало восторженную реакцию. В 1818 оратория была повторена в связи с открытием памятника Минину и Пожарскому в Москве. В этом произведении появилось уверенное композиторское мастерство, но музыкальная оратория, сочетавшая традиции пышного академизма Сарти и сентименталистические черты, мало индивидуальна и лишена национальной характерности. Дегтярёв написал также несколько духовных концертов. По утверждению некоторых современников, ряд произведений был уничтожен. Дегтярёв перевёл с итальянского языка теоретическое пособие В. Манфредини "Правила гармонические и мелодические для обучении всей музыки:" (СПб, 1808)

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