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Великие композиторы | Доницетти (Donizetti) Гаэтано

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Статистика

Яндекс.Метрика




Доницетти (Donizetti) Гаэтано


Биография великого композитора Доницетти

портрет композитора Доницетти

Доницетти, Донидзетти (Donizetti) Гаэтано (1797-1848) - итальянский композитор. Род. в бедной семье. В 1815-1817 занимался в Болонском музыкальном лицее у С. Маттеи. Успех принесла ему опера «Энрико, граф Бургундский» (1818, Венеция). Зрелые оперные произведения созданы в 30-40-х гг. - «Лукреция Борджа» (1833), «Лючия ди Ламмермур» (1835) и др. В 1839-1840 и позже работал в Париже, где были поставлены многие его оперы, в том числе «Дочь полка», «Фаворитка» (обе - 1840), - «Дон Паскуале» (1843); в 40 -х гг. - также в Австрии (в 1842 получил звание австрийского придворного композитора). Для Вены написал оперы «Линда из Шамуни» (1842), «Мария ди Роган» (1843). В 1834-1839 профессор консерватории в Неаполе (с 1837 директор).

Основная часть творческого наследия Доницетти , мастера искусства бельканто, составляют оперные произведения, разнообразные по жанрам (опера-буффа, опера-комик, лирико-драматические , романтические оперы, социально-психологические мелодрамы и др.). Они насыщены выразительными, легко запоминающимися мелодиями, эффектными ариями, отличаются яркой театральностью. Опера Доницетти «Дон Паскуале», отмеченная неистощимым остроумием, жизнерадостностью, мягким лиризмом, наряду с операми «Тайный брак» Чимарозы, «Севильский цирюльник» Россини принадлежит к лучшим образцам оперы-буффа.

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