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Великие композиторы | Балакирев Милий Алексеевич

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Статистика

Яндекс.Метрика




Балакирев Милий Алексеевич


Биография великого композитора Балакирева Милий Алексеевич

портрет композитора Балакирева

Балакирев Милий Алексеевич (1836/37-1910 ) русский композитор, пианист, дирижер, музыкальный общественный деятель. С 1855 г. жил в Петербурге, где познакомился с М. И. Глинкой и А. С. Даргомыжским, выступал как пианист. В начале 60-х. годов под руководством Балакирева, убеждённого борца за прогрессивное демократическое музыкальное искусство, сформировался музыкальный кружок, вошедший в историю музыки под названием «Могучая кучка», благодаря энергии, творческому опыту Балакирев стал вдохновителем и наставником членов кружка, оказал большое влияние на их творчество. Балакирев был одним из основателей (совместно с Г.Я.Ломакиным, 1862) и руководителем Бесплатной музыкальной школы (1868-1873 и 1881-1908), дирижировал её концертами (пропагандируя музыку молодых русских композиторов), в 1867-1860 — симфоническими концертами РМО, возглавлял Придворную певческую капеллу (1883-1894). Большое внимание уделил Балакирев собиранию и изучению народной песни. Велико значение двух сборников (песни собраны и гармонизированы Балакиревым) - «Сборник русских народных песен. 40 песен для голоса с фортепьяно » (СНБ, 1866), «30 русских народных песен» (СПБ. 1898).

Основа творчества Балакирева - инструментальная музыка ( симфоническая и для фортепьяно) преимущественно программная, и романсы. Продолжатель традиций Глинки он развивал принципы русского эпического и народного жанрового симфонизма. Балакирев внес существенный вклад в русскую фортепьянную музыку. В его ярко национальном творчестве нашли отражение народные образы, картины русской жизни. Балакирев широко использовал фольклор, как русский («Увертюра на темы трёх русских песен», симфоническая поэма «Русь»), так и других народов («Испанская увертюра», симфоническая поэма «В Чехии»). Ему был свойствен также интерес к теме Востока ( симфоническая поэма «Тамара», фантазия для фортепьяно «Исламей»), традиционный для русских композиторов. Произведения Балакирева вошли в русскую музыкальную классику 19 века. Его творчество оказало большое влияние на развитие русской музыки.

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