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Великие композиторы | Мейербер (Meyerbeer) Джакомо

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Статистика

Яндекс.Метрика




Мейербер (Meyerbeer) Джакомо


Биография великого композитора Мейербера

портрет композитора Мейербера

Мейербер (Meyerbeer) Джакомо (настоящие ими и фамилия Якоб Либман Бер, Beer) (1791-1864) - французский композитор, пианист, дирижер. Происходил из еврейской семьи, жившей в Германии. Занимлся у М. Клементи (фортепьяно), К. Ф. Цельтера. и Б. А. Вебера и Г. И. Фоглера (теория музыки и композиция). С 1811 придворный музыкант Дармштадте. В 1816-1824 жил в Италии. Из написанных им итальянских опер выделяется «Крестоносец в Египте» (1824). В 1827-1842 и с 1846 работал в Париже, где его постоянным либреттистом был Э. Скриб. В 1842-1846 - в Берлине (генерал-музик-директор театра «Королевские зрелища») Опираясь на французские оперные традиции ( Ж .П. Люлли, Г. Спонтини. Ф.Обера) и на совеменную ему практику театра романтической драмы (В. Гюго), Мейербер создал жанр большой оперы: «Роберт-Дьявол» (1830), определивший появление романтического музыкального театра во Франции, «Гугеноты» ( 1835; в России под названием «Гвельфы и гибеллины»), «Пророк» (1849; в России под назв. «Осада Гента», затем «Иоанн Лейденский»). В операх «Динора» (1859) «Африканка» проявляются некоторые черты лирической оперы. Творчество Мейербера оказало значительное влияние на эволюцию европейского оперного искусства.

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